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How can I cite an article from the database that does not have a DOI?

1014 views   |   Last updated on Aug 15, 2018    APA Research Databases & e-resources


In APA style, use the URL (web address/link) of the publication if there is no DOI. To find the URL:

  • Use a search engine (e.g. Google) to search for the website of the journal or publication. NOTE: this is NOT the title of the article, it is the periodical or source that the article is published inside. For example, you would search the "The Globe & Mail" instead of the specific article published inside this newspaper and use this link: 


  • Open the record (the page that has details such as title, authors, and a link to or PDF of the document). Click Source to view the publication/journal information including URL.

Also note:

  • there is no need to retrieve the article on the journal's website and use that link
  • do not use the URL of the library catalogue or database where you found the article

For illustrated instructions, go to the "What if I cannot find the doi?" section of the Bow Valley College Guide to APA Style.